Dermatological care – What is it?

Dermatological care refers to the care of the skin, and for us at Foot Centre Group, the skin of the foot. 

As Podiatrists, we tend to see a variety of skin conditions, some of the more common conditions include;
Callous, Tinea, Corns, warts and fissures (dry, cracked skin). 

Some other skin conditions we see include; Psoriasis, dermatitis and chilblains. 

What is callous?

Callous or hard skin forms on the bottom of your foot in areas of high pressure. The skin responds to the
pressure by thickening to help protect your foot. The most effective way to manage callous is by debriding
the hard skin regularly. If the hard skin is left it can become cracked and even painful. 

What is Tinea?

Tinea pedis or Athlete’s Foot is a common fungal infection of the foot. Tinea can be contracted in communal
areas such as; swimming pools and gyms. The fungal spores thrive in a moist environment, Therefore tinea is
common among sports people who continually sweat. 

Tinea will often present as odorous, itchy, dry and scaly skin. It will often present between the toes and can
become painful if not managed. 

Tinea can be managed with a topical anti-fungal, but the following conservative measures will also assist;

  • Drying thoroughly between the toes after a shower
  • Changing socks regularly
  • Exposing the skin to air to encourage drying

What are corns?

Corns, like callous, develop from friction and areas of high pressure. They can be caused by; poorly fitting footwear,
excessive activity and abnormal foot mechanics. Corns generally present as hard, thickened skin with a central core. 

Corns can be managed with regular appointments with your podiatrist. Your podiatrist may use a device to offload
the area of high pressure and therefore slow the progression of the corn. 

What are warts?

Plantar warts or verruca pedis (VP) are caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). VP usually presents on the
soles of the feet and is easily spread. Very common in children and teenagers, VP will thrive in a moist environment,
for example; swimming pools, changing rooms and sweaty socks. 

VP may be difficult to treat, and can often come back, however, it can be managed by your podiatrist with strong
acid-based treatments and/or liquid nitrogen. 

What are fissures?

Fissures are cracks that are caused by dry, thickened skin. Fissures usually present on the heels and are more common
in the summer months. Fissures can be caused by a number of factors including; open footwear, being overweight,
unusual foot mechanics, particular medical conditions and long periods of standing. 

Fissures can be managed with your podiatrist through debridement of hard skin and regular use of a strong
urea-based moisturizer. 

It is evident that the health of our skin is vital to overall foot health. If you have noticed changes to the skin on your feet
get in touch with one of our podiatrists – Book online or call us on 9553 0044.

Foot Centre Group

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